Metrics for Green Manufacturing

  • Corinne Reich-Weiser
  • Rachel Simon
  • Timo Fleschutz
  • Chris Yuan
  • Athulan Vijayaraghavan
  • Hazel Onsrud


This chapter looks at metrics for green manufacturing and sustainability. Relevant economic metrics are reviewed and for complete coverage of sustainability issues, social metrics are also surveyed. The challenges of quantitatively evaluating social concerns are illustrated by highlighting the multiple considerations that social metrics attempt to capture. The chapter then survey metrics that tie in multiple considerations, pulling together ecological, social, and economic metrics. To inform metrics development, methods for inventory and impact assessment are also reviewed. Finally, the chapter presents several approaches for metric development, which systematically build up the metric based on considerations of goal, scope, system boundary, planning horizon, and system drivers.


Life Cycle Assessment Manufacturing System Impact Category Life Cycle Cost Sustainability Assessment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corinne Reich-Weiser
    • 1
  • Rachel Simon
    • 2
  • Timo Fleschutz
    • 3
  • Chris Yuan
    • 4
  • Athulan Vijayaraghavan
    • 5
  • Hazel Onsrud
    • 1
  1. 1.Menlo ParkUSA
  2. 2.Laboratory for Manufacturing and SustainabilityUniversity of California, BerkeleySan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.Department of Assembly Technology and Factory ManagementInstitute for Machine Tools and Factory Management (IWF)BerlinGermany
  4. 4.University of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA
  5. 5.System InsightsBerkeleyUSA

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