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Biosurfactants pp 316-323 | Cite as

Surfactin: Biosynthesis, Genetics and Potential Applications

  • Ramkrishna Sen
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 672)

Abstract

Even after forty years of its discovery by Arima et al7, surfactin, a potent lipopeptide biosurfactant, still attracts attention and fancy of the applied microbiologists and biotechnologists worldwide, mainly due to its versatile bioactive properties and potential industrial implications. Starting from its first invented characteristic as an inhibitor of fibrin clot formation coupled with its significant ability to reduce surface tension of water, it has been credited with antifungal, antiviral, antitumor, insecticidal and antimycoplasma activities. These properties of therapeutic and commercial importance and its recent use as an enhanced oil recovery and a bioremediation agent make it a truly versatile biomolecule, the commercial potential of which could not be fully realized, particularly as a therapeutic agent, mainly because of its hemolytic property. This chapter thus addresses the issues related to the versatile nature of the most studied microbial surfactant, surfactin and its potential commercial and health-care applications.

Keywords

Surfactin Production Lipopeptide Biosurfactants Actin Production Antimycoplasma Activity Enetic Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Landes Bioscience and Springer Science+Business Media 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramkrishna Sen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiotechnologyIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurWest BengalIndia

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