Possibilities and Challenges for Biosurfactants Use in Petroleum Industry
Biosurfactants are a group of microbial molecules identified by their unique capabilities to interact with hydrocarbons. Emulsification and de-emulsification, dispersion, foaming, wetting and coating are some of the numerous surface activities that biosurfactants can achieve when applied within systems such as immiscible liquid/liquid (e.g., oil/water), solid/ liquid (e.g., rock/oil and rock/water) and gas/liquid. Therefore, the possibilities of exploiting these bioproducts in oil-related sciences are vast and made petroleum industry their largest possible market at present. The role of biosurfactants in enhancing oil recovery from reservoirs is certainly the best known; however they can be effectively applied in many other fields from transportation of crude oil in pipeline to the clean-up of oil storage tanks and even manufacturing of fine petrochemicals. When properly used, biosurfactants are comparable to traditional chemical analogues in terms of performances and offer advantages with regard to environment protection/conservation.
This chapter aims at providing an up-to-date overview of biosurfactant roles, applications and possible future uses related to petroleum industry.
KeywordsPetroleum Industry Diesel Emulsion
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 2.Kanicky JR, Lopez-Montilla JC, Pandey S et al. Surface chemistry in the petroleum industry. In: Holmberg K, ed. Handbook of Applied Surface and Colloid Chemistry. John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2001:251–267.Google Scholar
- 7.Planckaert M. Oil reservoirs and oil production. In: Ollivier B, Magot M, eds. Petroleum Microbiology. Washington DC: ASM Press, 2005:3–19.Google Scholar
- 9.Jenneman GE, McInerney MJ, Knapp RM et al. A halotolerant, biosurfactant-producing bacillus species potentially useful for enhanced oil recovery. Dev Ind Microbiol 1983; 24:485–492.Google Scholar
- 12.McInerney MJ, Maudgalya SK, Knapp R et al. Development of biosurfactant-mediated oil recovery in model porous systems and computer simulations of biosurfactant-mediated oil recovery. Topical report accessed January 2008 from http://www.osti.gov/bridge/servlets/purl/834170-BP4QI4/native/834170.pdfGoogle Scholar
- 14.Gutnick D, Rosenberg E, Belsky I et al. Ψ-emulsans. US Patent 4,380,504 1983.Google Scholar
- 15.Magot M. Indigenous microbial communities in oil fields. In: Ollivier B, Magot M, eds. Petroleum Microbiology. Washington DC: ASM Press, 2005:21–33.Google Scholar
- 17.McInerney MJ, Jenneman GE, Knapp RM et al. Biosurfactant and enhanced oil recovery. US Patent 4,522,261, 1985Google Scholar
- 18.Bryant RS. crobial enhanced oil recovery and compositions therefor. US Patent 4,905,761, 1990.Google Scholar
- 19.Bryant RS, Burchfield TE, Dennis DM et al. Microbial-enhanced waterflooding: Mink unit project. SPE Reservoir Eng 1990; 5:9–13.Google Scholar
- 27.Lal B, Reddy MRV, Agnihotri A et al. ocess for enhanced recovery of crude oil from oil wells using novel microbial consortium. US Patent 20070092930, 2007.Google Scholar
- 30.Bryant R. Potential use of microorganisms in petroleum recovery technology. Proc Okla Acad Sci 1987; 67:97–104.Google Scholar
- 31.McInerney MJ, Nagle DP, Knapp RM. Microbially enhanced oil recovery: past, present and future. In: Ollivier B, Magot M, eds. Petroleum Microbiology. Washington DC: ASM Press, 2005:215–237.Google Scholar
- 32.Gutnick DL, Shabtai Y. Exopolysaccharide bioemulsifiers. In: Kosaric N, Cairns WL, Gray NCC, eds. Biosurfactants and Biotechnology. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc, 1987:211–246.Google Scholar
- 33.Hayes ME, Hrebenar KR, Murphy PL et al. Bioemulsifier-stabilized hydrocarbosols. US Patent 4,943,390, 1990.Google Scholar
- 34.Hayes ME, Hrebenar KR, Murphy PL et al. Combustion of viscous hydrocarbons. US Patent 4,684,372, 1987.Google Scholar
- 35.Rocha CA, Gonzalez D, Iturralde ML et al. Production of oily emulsions mediated by microbial tenso-active agent. US Patent 6,060,287, 2000.Google Scholar
- 38.Gutnick D, Rosenberg E. Cleaning oil-contaminated vessels with α-emulsans. US Patent 4,276,094, 1981.Google Scholar
- 40.Pesce L. A biotechnological method for the regeneration of hydrocarbons from dregs and muds, on the basis of biosurfactants. European Patent EP1427547, 2004.Google Scholar
- 41.Clark RH, Morley C, Stevenson PA. Diesel fuel compositions. US Patent 7,229,481, 2007.Google Scholar