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Hydrogels for Tissue Engineering Applications

  • Rong Jin
  • Pieter J. Dijkstra
Chapter

Abstract

Hydrogels have been widely applied in biomedical applications, such as drug delivery and tissue engineering, due to their many favorable characteristics. Their high water content renders them compatible with living tissues and proteins and their rubbery nature minimizes damage to the surrounding tissue. Their mechanical properties parallel those of soft tissues, making them particularly appealing for engineering of these tissues. Hydrogels used in tissue engineering are preferably biodegradable, thus further surgery, after the hydrogels has performed its function, is not required. Also, biodegradable hydrogels allow for the replacement of the hydrogels over time by the extracellular matrix produced when cells are incorporated. The biofunctionality of hydrogels is essential to guide cellular behavior such as proliferation, differentiation, and matrix production. An on-demand biofunction can be obtained by the incorporation of growth factors into hydrogels to enhance cellular prolife­ration in the tissue-engineered matrices.

Keywords

Tissue Engineering Hyaluronic Acid Gelation Time Crosslinking Density Cartilage Regeneration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Polymer Chemistry and Biomaterials, Faculty of Science and TechnologyUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

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