Pleural Effusion and Pneumothorax

  • Efraim Sadot


The pleural space is bounded by two membranes: the visceral pleura covering the lung and the parietal pleura covering the chest wall, mediastinum and the diaphragm. Protein-containing fluid, derives from the systemic circulation, resides in the pleural space and is continuously absorbed by the lymphatics of the parietal pleura. Sub-atmospheric pressure in the pleural space aids in mechanical coupling of lung inflation throughout the respiratory cycle. Development of the pleura is notable by the third week of gestation along with the pericardial and peritoneal spaces. By 9 weeks of gestation, the pleural space becomes separated.


Pleural Effusion Pleural Fluid Pleural Space Parietal Pleura Visceral Pleura 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical CenterDana Children’s HospitalTel-AvivIsrael

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