While the United States national debate on health care is getting a lot of publicity, there has been limited focus on treatment adherence and prevention. In fact, less than 3% of the United States massive health budget goes toward population-based prevention and more than 90% is spent on treating diseases and their complications – many of which are easily preventable [1, 2]. The remaining health-care resources are directed toward financing and delivery of medical care, with substantially less emphasis on other determinants of health, such as behavioral choices, social circumstances, and environmental conditions [3].


Treatment Adherence Improve Treatment Adherence Patient Nonadherence World Health Organization Recommendation Prescribe Treatment Regimen 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Health Services Research in Primary CareDurham Veterans Affairs Medical CenterDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Medicine, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of NursingDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA

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