Renal Arteriography and Interventions

  • James S. Donaldson


One to five percent of children are hypertensive and of those it is not well known how many will have an arterial cause but this number ranges from 5 to 25 %. It is beyond the scope of this chapter to assess the complex issue of children with hypertension and how the different modalities (US, Doppler, CTA, MRA) should be used in the workup. The renal arteriogram remains the gold standard in identifying or excluding an arterial abnormality as the cause of hypertension.


Renal Artery Renal Artery Stenosis Tuberous Sclerosis Main Renal Artery Congenital Rubella Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Suggested Reading

  1. 1.
    Corbetta JP, Durán V, Burek C, Weller S, Sager C, Dingevan R, Lopez JC. Renal autotransplantation for the treatment of renovascular hypertension in the pediatric population. J Pediatr Urol. 2011;7(3): 378–82; Epub 2011 Apr 27.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kimura H, Sato O, Deguchi JO, Miyata T. Surgical treatment and long-term outcome of renovascular hypertension in children and adolescents. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2010;39(6):731–7; Epub 2010 Apr 28.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lindblad B. Renovascular hypertension in children: time to further centralise handling? Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2011;41(6):778–9; Epub 2011 Mar 24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Marshalleck F. Pediatric arterial interventions. Tech Vasc Interv Radiol. 2010;13(4):238–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shroff R, Roebuck DJ, Gordon I, Davies R, Stephens S, Marks S, Chan M, Barkovics M, McLaren CA, Shah V, Dillon MJ, Tullus K. Angioplasty for renovascular hypertension in children: 20-year experience. Pediatrics. 2006;118(1):268–75.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Srinivasan A, Krishnamurthy G, Fontalvo-Herazo L, Nijs E, Keller MS, Meyers K, Kaplan B, Cahill AM. Angioplasty for renal artery stenosis in pediatric patients: an 11-year retrospective experience. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2010;21(11):1672–80; Epub 2010 Sep 29.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Srinivasan A, Krishnamurthy G, Fontalvo-Herazo L, Nijs E, Meyers K, Kaplan B, Cahill AM. Spectrum of renal findings in pediatric fibromuscular dysplasia and neurofibromatosis type 1. Pediatr Radiol. 2011; 41(3):308–16; Epub 2010 Oct 16.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tullus K. Renal artery stenosis: is angiography still the gold standard in 2011? Pediatr Nephrol. 2011; 26(6):833–7; Epub 2011 Jan 30.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vo NJ, Hammelman BD, Racadio JM, Strife CF, Johnson ND, Racadio JM. Anatomic distribution of renal artery stenosis in children: implications for imaging. Pediatr Radiol. 2006;36(10):1032–6; Epub 2006 Jul 4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Williams JM, Racadio JM, Johnson ND, Donnelly LF, Bissler JJ. Embolization of renal angiomyolipomata in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex. Am J Kidney Dis. 2006;47(1):95–102.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shahdadpuri J, Frank R, Gauthier BG, Siegel DN, Trachtman H. Yield of renal arteriography in the evaluation of pediatric hypertension. Pediatr Nephrol. 2000;14(8–9):816–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hidaka T, Daiyukai General Hospital, et al. Renal ablation by transcatheter renal arterial embolization in the treatment of benign renal disease. Nippo Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai Zasshi. 1994;54(12):1107–15.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical ImagingAnn & Robert H. Lurie Childrens Hospital of Chicago, Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern UniversityChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations