Current techniques in magnetic resonance angiography, computed tomographic angiography, and Doppler ultrasound have made it possible to diagnose a plethora of vascular diseases in the child precluding the use of catheter-directed angiography in most cases. Catheter-directed angiography may be required in the diagnosis of intracerebral vascular diseases, renovascular hypertension, gastrointestinal vascular pathology, and in the setting of trauma. In the majority of instances, the diagnosis is known and angiography is done at the time of intervention. Importantly, the development of new devices has now made it possible for arterial interventions such as angioplasty, peripheral embolization, and endoneurovascular procedures to be performed in children.
KeywordsRenovascular Hypertension Peripheral Embolization Vascular Sheath Access Site Complication Occlude Femoral Artery
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