Biliary Intervention in Children

  • Josée Dubois
  • Laurent Garel


The development of magnetic resonance cholangiography has led to a decrease in the utilization of and indications for percutaneous biliary cholangiography in diagnosis of pediatric biliary diseases. However, interventional radiologists still play a central role in treatment of diseases such as biliary obstruction, choledocolithiasis, and cholecystitis.


Biliary Drainage Biliary Atresia Hepatic Duct Choledochal Cyst Percutaneous Transhepatic Biliary Drainage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Valette PJ, De Baere T. Anatomie biliaire et vasculaire du foie. J Radiol. 2002;83(2 Pt 2):221–32.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hoevels J. Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography and percutaneous biliary drainage. In: Dondelinger RF, Rossi P, Kurdziel JC, Wallace S, editors. Interventional radiology. New York, NY: Thieme Medical; 1990. p. 187–99.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Davenport M. Biliary atresia. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2005;14:42–88.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fischler B, Ehrnst A, Forsgren M, Orvell C, Nemeth A. The viral association of neonatal cholestasis in Sweden: a possible link between cytomegalovirus infection and extrahepatic biliary atresia. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1998;27:57–64.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hart MH, Kaufman SS, Vanderhoof JA, et al. Neonatal hepatitis and extrahepatic biliary atresia associated with cytomegalovirus infection in twins. Am J Dis Child. 1991;145:302–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lachaux A, Descos B, Plauchu H, et al. Familial extrahepatic biliary atresia. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 1988;7:280–3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kasai M, Suzuki H, Ohashi E, Ohi R, Chiba T, Okamoto A. Technique and results of operative management of biliary atresia. World J Surg. 1978; 2:571–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pariente D, Franchi-Abella S. Cystic biliary atresia is different from choledochal cyst. Pediatr Radiol. 2009; 39:1019.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wiseman K, Buczkowski AK, Chung SW, Francoeur J, Schaeffer D, Scudamore CH. Epidemiology, presentation, diagnosis, and outcomes of choledochal cysts in adults in an urban environment. Am J Surg. 2005;189:527–31.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kim OH, Chung HJ, Choi BG. Imaging of the choledochal cyst. Radiographics. 1995;15:69–88.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gauthier F, Brunelle F, Valayer J. Common channel for bile and pancreatic ducts. Presentation of 12 cases and discussion. Chir Pediatr. 1986;27:148–52.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Babbitt DP, Starshak RJ, Clemett AR. Choledochal cyst: a concept of etiology. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med. 1973;119:57–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mortelé KJ, Rocha TC, Streeter JL, Taylor AJ. Multimodality imaging of pancreatic and biliary congenital anomalies. Radiographics. 2006;26:715–31.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Miller WJ, Sechtin AG, Campbell WL, Pieters PC. Imaging findings in Caroli’s disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1995;165:333–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Brown RM. Pathology of neonatal liver biopsy. Curr Diagn Pathol. 2006;12:202–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hadchouel M. Le syndrome d’Alagille. . May 2002.
  17. 17.
    Hoffenberg EJ, Narkewicz MR, Sondheimer JM, Smith DJ, Silverman A, Sokol RJ. Outcome of syndromic paucity of interlobular bile ducts (Alagille syndrome) with onset of cholestasis in infancy. J Pediatr. 1995;127:220–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Alagille D, Estrada A, Hadchouel M, Gautier M, Odièvre M, Dommergues J. Syndromic paucity of interlobular bile ducts (Alagille syndrome or arteriohepatic dysplasia): review of 80 cases. J Pediatr. 1987;110:195–200.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sisto A, Feldman P, Garel L, et al. Primary sclerosing cholangitis in children: study of five cases and review of the literature. Pediatrics. 1987;80:918–23.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mieli-Vergani G, Vergani D. Sclerosing cholangitis in the paediatric patient. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2001;15:681–90.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Debray D, Pariente D, Urvoas E, Hadchouel M, Bernard O. Sclerosing cholangitis in children. J Pediatr. 1994;124:49–56.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Wilschanski M, Chait P, Wade JA, et al. Primary sclerosing cholangitis in 32 children: clinical, laboratory, and radiographic features, with survival analysis. Hepatology. 1995;22:1415–22.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Pall H, Bancroft JD, Jonas M. One third of children with primary sclerosing cholangitis have normal cholangiograms at diagnosis. Gastroenterology. 2003;124 Suppl 1:A784.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sunku B, Salvalaggio PR, Donaldson JS, et al. Outcomes and risk factors for failure of radiologic treatment of biliary strictures in pediatric liver transplantation recipients. Liver Transpl. 2006;12:821–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lorenz JM, Denison G, Funaki B, Leef JA, Van Ha T, Rosenblum JD. Balloon dilatation of biliary-enteric strictures in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2005; 184:151–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Berrocal T, Parrón M, Alvarez-Luque A, Prieto C, Santamarıa ML. Pediatric liver transplantation: a pictorial essay of early and late complications. Radiographics. 2006;26:1187–209.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Saad WE, Davies MG, Saad NE, et al. Transhepatic dilatation of anastomotic biliary strictures in liver transplant recipients with use of a combined cutting and conventional balloon protocol: technical safety and efficacy. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2006;17: 837–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Donnelly LF, Bisset 3rd GS, Frush DP. Diagnosis please. Case 2: embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the biliary tree. Radiology. 1998;208:621–3.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Spunt SL, Lobe TE, Pappo AS, et al. Aggressive surgery is unwarranted for biliary tract rhabdomyosarcoma. J Pediatr Surg. 2000;35:309–16.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Debray D, Pariente D, Gauthier F, Myara A, Bernard O. Cholelithiasis in infancy: a study of 40 cases. J Pediatr. 1993;122:385–91.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Tarnasky PR, Tagge EP, Hebra A, et al. Minimally invasive therapy for choledocholithiasis in children. Gastrointest Endosc. 1998;47:189–92.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wicky S, Gudinchet F, Barghouth G, Schnyder P. Three-dimensional cholangio-spiral CT demonstration of a post-traumatic bile leak in a child. Eur Radiol. 1999;9:99–102.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Wong YC, Wang LG, Chen RJ, Chen CJ. Magnetic resonance imaging of extrahepatic bile duct disruption. Eur Radiol. 2002;12:2488–90.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Youngson GG, Driver CP, Mahomed AA, Duddalwar VA. Computed tomographic cholangiography in the diagnosis of bile duct injury in children. J Pediatr Surg. 2003;38:E18–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Singh V, Narasimhan KL, Verma GR, Singh G. Endoscopic management of traumatic hepatobiliary injuries. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2007;22: 1205–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Sharif K, Pimpalwar AP, John P, et al. Benefits of early diagnosis and preemptive treatment of biliary tract complications after major blunt liver trauma in children. J Pediatr Surg. 2002;37:1287–92.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Wales PW, Brindle M, Sauer CJE, et al. Percutaneous cholangiography for the treatment of parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis in surgical neonates: preliminary experience. J Pediatr Surg. 2007;42(11): 1913–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medical ImagingSainte-Justine Mother and Child University Hospital CenterMontrealCanada

Personalised recommendations