Venous Interventions: IVC Filters
Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in North America. The incidence of DVT is estimated to be 0.07–0.14/10,000 children and 5.3/10,000 admissions. However, due to the increased complexity of medical conditions in children and the advent of new therapies, this incidence may be underestimated. In a recent multicenter retrospective review in the United States (2001–2007), it was noted that the number of pediatric admissions due to DVT increased by 70 % during the 7-year study period. Pulmonary embolism (PE) is the most feared complication related to DVT. It occurs rarely in children with an incidence of 0.014–0.09/10,000 children (J Pediatr 39, 676–81, 2001) and 0.86–5.7/10,000 hospital admissions. IVC filters may be necessary in children when there is a risk of a life threatening PE and anticoagulation is contraindicated or failed.
KeywordsPulmonary Embolism Inferior Vena Cava Deep Venous Thrombosis Renal Vein Inferior Vena Cava Filter
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