Imaging Traumatic Brain Injury On and Off the Battlefield

  • Les R. Folio


Deployed military personnel routinely work in hostile environments with significant exposure to potentially injurious blasts. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) secondary to blast has been labeled a signature injury mechanism. Blast injuries are a medical challenge for physicians in recent conflicts, with multiple blast injuries everyday among US military personnel [1]. In the previous chapter, I showed an imaging spectrum of severity in penetrating head injuries as a guide for providers to tailor imaging with clinical suspicion. The majority of Traumatic Brain Injury seen clinically in combat is mild TBI (mTBI). The remaining severity injuries are moderate, severe, and penetrating (that can be further classified mild, moderate, severe) TBI. Mild TBI is injury with loss of consciousness, or altered mental status such as dazed or confused [2], or sometimes referred to as concussion [3].


Traumatic brain injury Diffuse axonal injury Diffusion tensor imaging Imaging severity spectrum Military acute concussion evaluation Repeatable battery for the assessment of neuropsychological status Cognitive stability index Automated neuropsychological assessment metrics Rubber bullet 


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Copyright information

© Springer New York 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Les R. Folio
    • 1
  1. 1.Associate Professor Radiology and Radiological Sciences Associate Professor Military and Emergency MedicineUniformed Services University of the Health SciencesBethesdaUSA

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