FAP with Sexual Minorities

  • Mary D. Plummer


The landscape of psychotherapy with lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) clients has evolved so dramatically in recent history it would seem unrecognizable to those who defined the field only five decades ago. The first edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM, American Psychiatric Association, 1952) described “homosexuality” as a sociopathic personality disturbance requiring long-term treatment. Almost three decades later, catalyzed partly by the gay liberation movement as well as research on the prevalence and psychological correlates of same-sex attraction and sexual behavior (Hooker, 1957; Kinsey, Pomeroy, & Martin, 1948; Kinsey, Pomeroy, Martin, & Gebhard, 1953 ), the DSM-III shifted direction, re-categorizing “homosexuality” as a “sexual orientation disturbance” (American Psychiatric Association, 1980). It was not until 1987 that the profession removed all remnants of its earlier characterizations of “the homosexual” as disturbed, pathological, arrested, regressed, or from the DSM (DSM-III-R, American Psychiatric Association, 1987).


Sexual Orientation Sexual Minority Identity Development Implicit Attitude Implicit Bias 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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