Advertisement

Summary and Conclusions

  • Alberto Garrido
  • M. Ramón Llamas
  • Consuelo Varela-Ortega
  • Paula Novo
  • Roberto Rodríguez-Casado
  • Maite M. Aldaya
Chapter
Part of the Natural Resource Management and Policy book series (NRMP, volume 35)

Abstract

This work presents new evidence that helps to question existing paradigms and tenets related to water policy and management in Spain. Historically, the management of water resources has focused on the supply side, securing water access through an engineering approach that has been, in most cases, a costly endeavour from economic and environmental perspectives. These technical solutions have been based on a combination of reservoirs and inter-basin transfers resulting in increasing abstractions of both surface and groundwater, the latter being primarily tapped by private entrepreneurs. This approach rarely changed the incentive structures and, heavily based on command and control measures, failed to control groundwater use in most sectors, thus leaving the major driving forces of water use largely unchanged. This fact only partially has been considered in this work because of lack of consistent data on groundwater uses. It is expected that this gap will be changed soon when the hydrological plans of the river basins are finalised and submitted to the EU Commission in early 2010.

Keywords

Gross Domestic Product Water Scarcity Water Footprint Virtual Water Blue Water 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE). (2008) ORDEN ARM/2656/2008, de 10 de septiembre, por la que se aprueba la instrucción de planificación hidrológica.Google Scholar
  2. Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture. (2007) Water for Food, Water for Life: A Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture, Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Hoekstra, A.Y., Chapagain, A.K. (2008) Globalization of Water: Sharing the Planet’s Freshwater Resources, Blackwell, Oxford.Google Scholar
  4. WFD. (2000) The EU water framework directive – integrated river basin management for Europe. European Commission. [online] Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-framework/index_en.html
  5. Yang, H., Wang, L., Zehnder, A.J.B. (2007) Water scarcity and food trade in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean countries. Food Policy, 32: 585–605.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© La Fundación Marcelino Botín-Sanz de Sautuola y López 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Garrido
    • 1
  • M. Ramón Llamas
    • 2
  • Consuelo Varela-Ortega
    • 1
  • Paula Novo
    • 1
  • Roberto Rodríguez-Casado
    • 1
  • Maite M. Aldaya
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural Economic and Social SciencesTechnical University of Madrid (UPM)MadridSpain
  2. 2.Universidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain
  3. 3.University of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations