Human Physical Rehabilitation

  • Pia Rockhold


The impact of conflict-related, complex emergencies on human health is widely documented, but poorly quantified, as most data collection and registration systems cease to function in conflict-affected situations. Modern conflict, which in increasing degrees, affects the civil population and is estimated to be one of the top ten causes of global mortality. The direct effects of war and conflict on health are due to land mines, exploded remnants of war, active combat, small arms, forced amputations, forced military recruitment, sexual and gender-based violence, and other violent acts. The indirect effects of war impact health through a myriad of ways, including social, political insecurity, environmental degradation, and human rights violations. Conflicts are major causes of injuries, violence, and disability and place a large economic burden on the individual, the family, and the society.

Human rehabilitation is an essential investment that minimizes the health and disability consequences of conflict and enables people to live healthy and economically productive lives. The often large investments in medical rehabilitation made during or immediate after a conflict need to be retained and further developed as an integrated part of the health and social systems, when the country moves toward more sustainable development and peace. These systems not only ensure the necessary continued access to rehabilitation for people affected by conflict and others living with disabilities, but further address the more long-term needs for rehabilitation due to road traffic injuries, chronic illnesses, and age-related disabilities, as the country becomes increasingly more developed post conflict.


Emergency Medical Service Armed Conflict Trauma Care Rehabilitation Service Medical Rehabilitation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Consultant to World Bank and EUAshtonUSA
  2. 2.Chair of the North South Group for Poverty ReductionAshtonUSA

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