Community-Based Rehabilitation in Post-conflict and Emergency Situations

  • Arne H. Eide


Experience in a number of situations of armed conflict and consequently post-conflict situations suggests that CBR has a constructive role to play in delivering services and promoting the rights of people with disabilities. Although not particularly designed for post-conflict and emergency situations, there are several good reasons for this. First, CBR has developed from a health-service delivery model for people in rural, poorly serviced areas into a model for community development, which also incorporates human rights, democracy, and a gender-based perspective within its ambitions. Such core values are under strong pressure in post-conflict situations, and CBR may be regarded as an important tool for ensuring a rights-based development with particular attention to those most at risk of poverty and abuse. Second, CBR is a flexible strategy operating at different levels and can easily adapt to different contexts and stages of conflict and post-conflict. Third, utilizing human resources within a community ensures a perspective that is based on local expertise and cultural understanding. Fourth, the central role of people with disabilities in CBR adds further to a needs-based approach and makes individuals with disabilities visible in their communities. Lastly, CBR will often be the only service focusing on individuals with disabilities, thus making sure that they are not forgotten and neglected. Although CBR may contribute positively in post-conflict and emergency situations, it is nevertheless important to develop particular responses to such situations in order to ensure that the needs and rights of people with disabilities are addressed and protected when times are difficult and extreme.


United Nations Community Development Emergency Situation Armed Conflict International Labor Organization 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.SINTEF Health ResearchOsloNorway

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