Elements, Atoms, and Molecules

  • Mary E. Malainey
Part of the Manuals in Archaeological Method, Theory and Technique book series (MATT)


The general term, matter, can be applied to all material of interest to archaeologists. Most materials are combinations of many pure substances. A pure substance is one that consists of only one type of element or only one type of molecule. Elements are the simplest substances because they consist of only one type of atom. There are a limited number of elements that form the building blocks of all matter in the universe. The properties of elements and atoms are described below.


Conduction Band Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis Valence Electron Periodic Table Hydrogen Fluoride 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary E. Malainey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyBrandon UniversityBrandonCanada

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