Advertisement

Human Ecology pp 237-254 | Cite as

Social and Environmental Impacts of the Rise and Fall of Flue-Cured Tobacco Production in the Copán Valley

  • William M. Loker
Chapter

Abstract

The Copán Valley, located in western Honduras adjacent to the Guatemalan border, is famous as the site of the ancient Maya city of Copán, which attracts thousands of tourists to the Valley every year. Visitors to the archeological site find a beautiful Valley with an appealing agricultural landscape of crops, pastures, and tobacco barns scattered along the bottomlands of the Copán River, which lies at about 600 m above sea level (masl) and flows westward into Guatemala. The surrounding hills and mountains, extending up to about 1,500 masl, are a patchwork of land cleared for crops and pastures, secondary forest, coffee groves, and pine-oak forests.

Keywords

Tobacco Production Political Ecology Blue Mold British American Tobacco Tobacco Cultivation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Bibliography

  1. Abrams, E.M. and D. Rue. (1988). The causes and consequences of deforestation among the prehistoric Maya. Human Ecology 14:377-395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Balée, William. (1998). Historical ecology: premises and postulates. In Balée, Wiiliam, ed. Advances in Historical Ecology. Columbia University Press: New York. Pp. 13-29.Google Scholar
  3. BAT (British American Tobacco). (2002). British American Tobacco: 1902-2002, Celebrating Our First 100 years. British American Tobacco: London.Google Scholar
  4. Batterbury, Simon, Timothy Forsyth and Koy Thomson. (1997). Environmental transformations in developing countries: hybrid research and democratic policy. The Geographic Journal 163: 126-132.Google Scholar
  5. Baudez, Isabelle. (1984). Agricultura y agricultores en la región de Copán. In Baudez, Claude, ed. Introducción a la arqueología de Copán. Secretaría de Estado en el Despacho de Cultura y Turismo: Tegucigalpa, Honduras. Pp. 195-228.Google Scholar
  6. Baumeister, Eduardo. (1996). El Agro Hondureño y su Futuro. Tegucigalpa: Editorial Guaymuras.Google Scholar
  7. Bennett, John. (1993). Human Ecology as Human Behavior. Transaction Press: New Brunswick, NJ.Google Scholar
  8. Bebbington, Anthony and Simon Batterbury. (2001). Transnational livelihoods and landscapes: political ecologies of globalization. Ecumene 8(4):369-380.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bueso Yescas, Mario Arnoldo. (1996). Santa Rosa de los Llanos: Cuna de la Republica. Graficentro Editores: Tegucigalpa, Honduras.Google Scholar
  10. CONIMCHH (Consejo Nacional Indígena Maya Chortí de Honduras). (2003). Propuesta de Tierra del pueblo maya Chortí (CONIMCHH) del Año 2002 Copán y Ocotepeque. Mimeo on file with author.Google Scholar
  11. Cox, Howard. (2000). The Global Cigarette: Origins and Evolution of British American Tobacco, 1880-1945. Oxford University Press: Oxford.Google Scholar
  12. Cueva, Manuel. (1996). Costos de Producción de Tabaco Virginia en el Valle de Copán. MA Thesis, Escuela Agrícola Panamericano, Zamarano. Ms in possession of author.Google Scholar
  13. Díaz Romo, Patricia and Samuel Salinas Álvarez. (2002). Plaguicidas, Tabaco y Salud: el caso de los jornaleros huicholes, jornaleros mestizos y ejiditarios en Nayarit, México. Proyecto Huicholes y Plaguicidas: Oaxaca, Mexico.Google Scholar
  14. EXTONET (Extension Toxicology Network) http://pmep.cce.cornell.edu/profiles/extoxnet/index.html
  15. Fox, Jefferson, Ronald Rindfuss, Stephen Walsh and Vinod Mishra, eds. (2003). People and the Environment: approaches for linking household and community surveys to remote sensing and GIS. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Boston.Google Scholar
  16. Glover, David and Kenneth Kusterer. (1990). Small Farmers, Big Business: contract farming and rural development. St. Martin’s Press: New York.Google Scholar
  17. Hawks, Stirling N. (1970). Principles of Flue-cured Tobacco Production. S.N. Hawks, Jr.: Raleigh, NCGoogle Scholar
  18. Johnson, Paul R. (1984). The Economics of the Tobacco Industry. Praeger Scientific: New York.Google Scholar
  19. Kottak, Conrad. (1999). The new ecological anthropology. American Anthropologist 101 (1):23-35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kottak, Conrad and Elizabeth Colson. (1994). Multilevel linkages: longitudinal and comparative studies. In Borofsky, Robert, ed. Assessing Cultural Anthropology. McGraw Hill: New York. Pp. 396-412.Google Scholar
  21. Lees, Susan H. (1999). Review of “The Political Ecology of Bananas: contract farming, peasants and agrarian change in the Eastern Caribbean.” Human Ecology 27(1):192-196.Google Scholar
  22. Lentz, David. (1991). Maya diets of the rich and poor: paleobotanical evidence from Copán. Latin American Antiquity 2:269-287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Loker, William. (2004). Changing Places: environment, development and social change in rural Honduras. Carolina Academic Press: Durham, NC.Google Scholar
  24. MacLeod, Murdo. (1973). Spanish Central America: a socioeconomic history, 1520-1720. University of California Press: Berkeley, CA.Google Scholar
  25. Malanson, George P. (2003). Habitats, hierarchical scales and nonlinerarities: an ecological perspective on linking household and remotely sensed data on land-cover/use change. In Fox, Jefferson et al., eds. People and the Environment: approaches for linking household and community surveys to remote sensing and GIS. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Boston. Pp. 265-283.Google Scholar
  26. Mintz, Sidney. (1985). Sweetness and Power: the place of sugar in modern history. Penguin Books: New York.Google Scholar
  27. Moran, Emilio, Andréa Siquiera and Eduardo Brondizio. (2003). Household demographic structure and its relationship to deforestation in the Amazon Basin. In Fox, Jefferson et al, eds. People and the Environment: approaches for linking household and community surveys to remote sensing and GIS. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Boston. Pp. 61-69.Google Scholar
  28. Nygeres, Endre. (1997). Introduction - the Ecology of Practice. In Nygeres, Endre, ed. The Ecology of Practice: studies of food crop production in Sub-Saharan west Africa. Gordon Breach Publishers: Amsterdam. Pp. 1-38.Google Scholar
  29. Stephens, John L. (1969, orig. 1841). Incidents of Travel in Central America, Chiapas and Yucatan, Volume 1. Dover Publications, Inc: New York.Google Scholar
  30. Thorpe, Andy, Hugo Noé Pinedo, Pedro Jiménez, Ana Lucia Restrepo, Dagberto Suazo and Ramón Salgado. (1995) Impactos del Ajuste en el Agro Hondureño. Tegucigalpa: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras.Google Scholar
  31. US EPA Pesticide Information database. http://www.epa.gov/ebtpages/pesticides.html
  32. Vayda, Andrew P. (1983). Progressive contextualization: methods for research in human ecology. Human Ecology 11(3): 265-281.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Vayda, Andrew P. (1994). Actions, variations and change: the emerging anti-essentialist view in anthropology. In Borofsky, Robert, ed. Assessing Cultural Anthropology. McGraw Hill: New York. Pp. 320-330.Google Scholar
  34. Vayda, Andrew P. and Bradley B. Walters. (1999). Against political ecology. Human Ecology 27 (1):167-179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wingard, John. (1992). The role of soils in the development and collapse of Classic Maya civilization at Copán, Honduras. Ph.D. dissertation, Pennsylvania State University. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, MI.Google Scholar
  36. Wisdom, Charles. (1940). The Chortí Indians of Guatemala. University of Chicago Press: Chicago.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyCalifornia State UniversityChicoUSA

Personalised recommendations