Anatomical Changes of Phrenic Motoneurons During Development
Although the phrenic motoneurons are relatively well-developed at the time of birth as compared to non-respiratory motoneurons, they show distinct anatomical changes during postnatal development. In the present review we summarize anatomical changes of phrenic motoneurons during pre- and postnatal development. Cell bodies of phrenic motoneurons migrate into the ventromedial region of the ventral horn of C3-C6 by E13-E14 in the rat. During development the sizes and surface areas of phrenic motoneurons are increased with changes in dendritic morphology.
KeywordsPrimary Dendrite Postnatal Development Lateral Funiculus Phrenic Motoneuron Axonal Conduction Velocity
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