Advertisement

Characteristics of Respiratory Pattern and Anxiety in Rhythmic Gymnasts

  • Lena Akai
  • Sakuko Ishizaki
  • Masao Matsuoka
  • Ikuo Homma
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 669)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to explore characteristics of breathing pattern and anxiety levels of athletes involved in women’s rhythmic gymnastics. We tested 13 college level female rhythmic gymnasts (GG) from the same team, and compared their results with those of 26 non-athlete medical students (RG). Subjects were tested by a CO2 rebreathing method using a gas mixture of 5% CO2 and 95% O2. The trait and state anxiety levels of the subjects were tested using the Spielberger’s trait and state anxiety inventory (STAI). GG was significantly higher in both trait and state anxiety levels and, in comparison with RG, they also exhibited significantly less variance in the % contribution of change in frequency to the overall increase in minute ventilation during CO2 rebreathing when compared to RG. Furthermore, there was a positive correlation between both trait and state anxiety and % contribution of frequency change in the RG.

Keywords

Trait Anxiety State Anxiety Anxiety Level Breathing Pattern High Anxiety Level 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Lane, A.M. and Terry, P.C. (2000) The nature of mood: Development of a conceptual model with a focus on depression. J. Appl. Sport. Psychol. 12, 16–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Masaoka, Y. and Homma, I. (1997) Anxiety and respiratory patterns: Their relationship during mental stress and physical load. Int. J. Psychophysiol. 27, 153–159.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Masaoka, Y., Jack, S., Warburton, C.J., and Homma, I. (2004) Breathing patterns associated with trait anxiety and breathlessness in humans. Jpn. J. Physiol. 54, 465–470.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Spielberger, C.D. (1983) Manual for the state-trait anxiety inventory. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lena Akai
    • 1
  • Sakuko Ishizaki
    • 1
  • Masao Matsuoka
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ikuo Homma
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhysiologyShowa University School of MedicineTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Exercise SciencesJapan Women’s College of Physical EducationTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations