Evidence for a Distributed Respiratory Rhythm Generating Network in the Goldfish (Carsssius auratus)
Central pattern generators located in the brainstem regulate ventilatory behaviors in vertebrates. The development of the isolated brainstem preparation has allowed these neural networks to be characterized in a number of aquatic species. The aim of this study was to explore the architecture of the respiratory rhythm-generating site in the goldfish (Carassius auratus) and to determine the utility of a newly developed isolated brainstem preparation, the Sheep Dip. Here we provide evidence for a distributed organization of respiratory rhythm generating neurons along the rostrocaudal axis of the goldfish brainstem and outline the advantages of the Sheep Dip as a tool used to survey neural networks.
KeywordsCentral Pattern Generator Respiratory Rhythm Respiratory Neuron Respiratory Network Respiratory Rhythm Generate
Financial support was provided by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC).
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