Evidence for a Distributed Respiratory Rhythm Generating Network in the Goldfish (Carsssius auratus)

  • Maryana Duchcherer
  • Andrew Kottick
  • R.J.A. Wilson
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 669)


Central pattern generators located in the brainstem regulate ventilatory behaviors in vertebrates. The development of the isolated brainstem preparation has allowed these neural networks to be characterized in a number of aquatic species. The aim of this study was to explore the architecture of the respiratory rhythm-generating site in the goldfish (Carassius auratus) and to determine the utility of a newly developed isolated brainstem preparation, the Sheep Dip. Here we provide evidence for a distributed organization of respiratory rhythm generating neurons along the rostrocaudal axis of the goldfish brainstem and outline the advantages of the Sheep Dip as a tool used to survey neural networks.


Central Pattern Generator Respiratory Rhythm Respiratory Neuron Respiratory Network Respiratory Rhythm Generate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Financial support was provided by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maryana Duchcherer
    • 1
  • Andrew Kottick
    • 1
  • R.J.A. Wilson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physiology and BiophysicsUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

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