Genes and Mental Illness



The concept of mental illness evolved from possession by gods and an imbalance of body fluids (including the modern version of neurotransmitter imbalance) to a model that posits an interaction between genes and the environment. Environmental stress is known to play an important role – both by altering the genes early in development and as a precipitating factor for illness in later life. Recent evidence suggests that the interaction between the genes and the environment is mediated by memes – information encoded in neural connections which may be endogenous or exogenous.A gene × meme interaction model of mental illness is proposed.


Mental Illness Irritable Bowel Syndrome Serotonin Transporter Short Allele Serotonin Transporter Gene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA

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