Design Science Research in Information Systems

Part of the Integrated Series in Information Systems book series (ISIS, volume 22)


Design activities are central to most applied disciplines. Research in design has a long history in many fields including architecture, engineering, education, psychology, and the fine arts (Cross 2001). The computing and information technology (CIT) field since its advent in the late 1940s has appropriated many of the ideas, concepts, and methods of design science that have originated in these other disciplines. However, information systems (IS) as composed of inherently mutable and adaptable hardware, software, and human interfaces provide many unique and challenging design problems that call for new and creative ideas.


Information System Design Cycle Design Science Research Cycle Group Decision Support System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Benbasat, I. and R. Zmud (1999) Empirical research in information systems: the question of relevance, MIS Quarterly 23 (1), pp. 3–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Benbasat, I. and R. Zmud (2003) The identity crisis within the IS discipline: defining and communicating the discipline’s core properties, MIS Quarterly 27 (2), pp. 183–194.Google Scholar
  3. Brooks, F., Jr. (1987) No silver bullet: essence and accidents of software engineering, IEEE Computer 20 (4), pp. 10–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cole, R., S. Purao, M. Rossi, and M. Sein (2005), Being proactive: where action research meets design research, in Proceedings of the Twenty-Sixth International Conference on Information Systems, Las Vegas, pp. 325–336.Google Scholar
  5. Cross, N. (2001) Designerly Ways of Knowing: Design Discipline vs. Design Science, Design Issues 17 (3), pp. 49–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1996) Creativity: Flow and Psychology of Discovery and Invention, HarperCollins, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Goldschmidt, G. (1994) On visual thinking: the vis kids of architecture, Design Studies 15 (2), pp. 158–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gregor, S. and D. Jones (2007) The anatomy of a design theory, Journal of the AIS 8 (5), Article 2, pp. 312–335.Google Scholar
  9. Hevner, A., S. March, J. Park, and S. Ram (2004) Design science in information systems research, MIS Quarterly 28 (1), pp. 75–105.Google Scholar
  10. Hevner, A. (2007) A three-cycle view of design science research, Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems 19 (2), pp. 87–92.Google Scholar
  11. Hirschheim, R. and H. Klein (2003) Crisis in the IS field? A critical reflection on the state of the discipline, Journal of the AIS 4 (5), pp. 237–293.Google Scholar
  12. Iivari, J. (1991) A paradigmatic analysis of contemporary schools of IS development, European Journal of Information Systems 1 (4), pp. 249–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Iivari, J. (2007) A paradigmatic analysis of information systems as a design science, Scandinavian Journal of IS 19 (2), pp. 39–64.Google Scholar
  14. Jarvinen, P. (2007) Action research is similar to design science, Quality & Quantity 41, pp. 37–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Love, T. (2002) Constructing a coherent cross-disciplinary body of theory about designing and designs: some philosophical issues, International Journal of Design Studies 23 (3), pp. 345–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. March, S. and G. Smith (1995) Design and natural science research on information technology, Decision Support Systems 15, pp. 251–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. MISQ (2008) Special issue on design science research, MIS Quarterly 32 (4), pp. 725–868.Google Scholar
  18. Newell, A. and H. Simon (1976) Computer science as empirical inquiry: symbols and search, Communications of the ACM 19 (3), pp. 113–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Nunamaker, J., M. Chen, and T. D. M. Purdin (1991) Systems development in information systems research, Journal of Management Information Systems 7 (3), pp. 89–106.Google Scholar
  20. Orlikowski, W. and C. Iacono (2001) Research commentary: desperately seeking the ‘IT’ in IT research: a call for theorizing the IT artifact, Information Systems Research 12, pp. 121–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Oxman, R. (1997) Design by re-representation: a model of visual reasoning in design, Design Studies 18 (4), pp. 329–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Peffers, K., T. Tuunanen, M. Rothenberger, and S. Chatterjee (2008) A design science research methodology for information systems research, Journal of Management Information Systems 24 (3), pp. 45–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rittel, H. and M. Webber (1984) Planning problems are wicked problems, in Developments in Design Methodology, N. Cross (ed.), John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 135–144.Google Scholar
  24. Simon, H. (1996) The Sciences of Artificial, 3rd edn., MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  25. Walls, J., G. Widmeyer, and O. El Sawy (1992) Building an information system design theory for vigilant EIS, Information Systems Research 3 (1), pp. 36–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Weber, R. (1997) Towards a theory of artifacts: a paradigmatic base for information systems research, Journal of Information Systems 1 (1), pp. 3–20.Google Scholar
  27. Zmud, R. (1997) Editor’s comments, MIS Quarterly 21 (2), pp. xxi–xxii.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag US 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of BusinessUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA
  2. 2.School of Information Systems and TechnologyClaremont Graduate UniversityClaremontUSA

Personalised recommendations