Mechanisms of Stress-Mediated Modulation of Upper and Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

  • Cordula M. Stover


Stress is an external factor known to be a potent exacerbator of respiratory infections. Most explanations of how stress affects susceptibility to airway infections focus on the immune system. However, evidence is increasing that respiratory pathogens are equally responsive to the hormonal output of stress. This chapter considers the bacterial and mucosal determinants of respiratory tract infections and their interrelationship during stressful conditions.


Stress Hormone Mucociliary Clearance Respiratory Pathogen Respiratory Epithelial Cell Common Variable Immune Deficiency 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag New York 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Infection, Immunity and InflammationUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK

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