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Quantitative CT Scan and CT-Estimated Brain Specific Gravity in TBI

  • V. Degos
  • T. Lescot
  • L. Puybasset
Conference paper

Abstract

An uncontrolled increase in intracranial pressure (ICP), often due to cerebral edema, is the most common cause of death in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Different types of edema coexist in TBI patients: Vasogenic edema and cytotoxic edema. Vasogenic edema occurs with the extravasation of fluid into the extracellular space following blood brain barrier (BBB) disruption. Cytotoxic edema results from a shift of water from the extracellular compartment into the intracellular compartment due, in part, to alterations in normal ionic gradients. Description of the localization and knowledge of the chronology, determinants, and kinetics of the BBB disruption are necessary to adapt therapeutic strategy.

Keywords

Traumatic Brain Injury Specific Gravity Cerebral Blood Volume Severe Traumatic Brain Injury Traumatic Brain Injury Patient 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media Inc. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Degos
    • 1
  • T. Lescot
    • 2
  • L. Puybasset
    • 1
  1. 1.Unit of Neuro-intensive Care Department of Anesthesia and Intensive CareCHU Pitié-SalpêtrièreParis Cedex 13France
  2. 2.Unit of Surgical Intensive Care Department of Anesthesia and Intensive CareCHU Pitié-SalpêtrièreParis Cedex 13France

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