Advertisement

Mirror Neurons: A Return to Pragmatism and Implications for an Embodied Intersubjectivity

  • David D. Franks
Chapter

Abstract

Mirror neurons came on the neuroscientific scene in 1991 when an Italian animal researcher named Giacomo Rizzolatti observed that the very same neurons fired when monkeys were watching an activity as occurred when the monkey’s themselves performed that same activity. That is, the same neurons fired when the animals were watching something being grasped as fired when they actually grasped it themselves. Passively watching a behavior and actively doing that behavior where activated by the same neurons.

Keywords

Motor Cortex Motor Behavior Mirror Neuron Hand Gesture Deaf Child 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Corballis, M. (2002). From hand to mouth: The origins of language. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Damasio, A. (1994). Descartes’ error: Emotion, reason, and the human brain. New York: Avon Books.Google Scholar
  3. Damasio, A. (1999). The feeling of what happens: Body and emotion in the making of consciousness. New York: Harcourt Brace.Google Scholar
  4. Dewey, J. (1862). The reflex arc concept in psychology. Psychological Review, 3, 357–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dewey, J. and A. Bentley (1949). Knowing and the known. Boston: Beacon Press.Google Scholar
  6. Dijkersterhuis, A. (2005). Why we are social animals: The high road to imitation as social glue. In S. Hurley, N. Chater (Eds.) Perspectives on imitation, vol. 2, pp 202–220. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  7. Fadiga, L., L. Craighero and G. Rizzolatti (2002). Listening specifically modulates the excitability of tongue muscles: A TMS study. European Journal of Neuroscience, 15, 399–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fadiga, L. et al. (1995). Motor facilitation during action: A magnetic stimulation study. Journal of Neurophysiology, 73(6), 2608.Google Scholar
  9. Franks, D. and S. Heffernan. (1998). The pursuit of happiness: Contributions from the sociology of emotion. In W. Flack, J. Laird (Eds.) Emotions in psychopathology: Theory and research, pp 145–157. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Gallese, V. and G. Lakoff (2005). The brains concepts: The role of the sensory motor system in conceptual knowledge. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 22, 455–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gentilucci, M., F. Benuzzi, M. Gangitano and S. Grimaldi (2001). Grasp with the hand and mouth: A kinematic study on healthy subjects. Journal of Neurophysiology, 86, 1685–1699.Google Scholar
  12. Gibbs, R. (2006). Embodiment and cognitive science. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Gibson, J. (1979). The ecological approach to visual perception. Houghton Mifflin: Boston.Google Scholar
  14. Hauk, O. and Pulvermuller, F. (2004). Somatotopic representation of action words in human motor and premotor cortex. Neuron, 41, 301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Iacoboni, M. (2008). Mirroring people: The new science of how we connect with others. Straus and Giroux: New York: Farrar.Google Scholar
  16. James, W. (1884). What is an emotion. Mind, 9, 188–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kilpinen, E. (2002). A neglected classic vindicated: The place of George Herbert Mead in the general tradition of semiotics. Semiotica, 142–144, 1–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lakoff, G. and M. Johnson (1999). Philosophy in the flesh: The embodied mind and its challenge to western thought. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  19. Lambert, K. (2008). Lifting depression: A neuroscience approach to activating your brain’s healing power. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  20. de Lafuente V. and R. Romo (2004). Language abilities of motor cortex. Neuron, 41(no. 2), 178–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lyng, S. and D. D. Franks (2002). Sociology and the real world. New York: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
  22. Mead, G. H. (1934). Mind, self and society: From the standpoint of a social behaviorist. Chicago: University of Chicago press.Google Scholar
  23. Mead, G. H. (1938). The philosophy of the act. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  24. NcNeil, D. (1992). Hand and mind: What gestures reveal about thought. Chicago: University of Chicago press.Google Scholar
  25. Pinker, S. (1994). The language instinct. New York: Harper Collins.Google Scholar
  26. Rizzolatti, G. and C. Sinigalia (2008). Mirrors in the brain: How our minds share actions and emotions. New York: Oxford University press.Google Scholar
  27. Shalin, D. (1992). Critical theory and the pragmatists challenge. The American Journal of Sociology, 98(2), 237–279.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Smith, J. L. (1979). A social behaviorist interpretation of the meadian ‘I’. American Journal of Sociology, 85(2), 261–286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Swanson, G. (1989). On motives and the motivations of selves. In D. Franks and D. McCarthy (Eds.), The sociology of emotions: Original essays and research papers (pp. 3–32). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA

Personalised recommendations