The Evolution of the Human Brain

  • David D. Franks


Any of us would be hard pressed to fully realize just how long a time span of six million years actually is. That is the approximate length of time it took for the Homo sapiens brain to develop once our ancestral line diverged from the line which developed into modern chimpanzees and other apes.


Brain Size Stone Tool Social Emotion Social Intelligence Early Hominid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bickerton, D. (2009). Adam’s tongue: How humans made language and how language made humans. New York: Hill and Wang.Google Scholar
  2. Brothers, L. (2002). The social brain: A project for integrating primate behavior and neurophysiology in a new domain. In J. T. Cacioppo et al. (Eds.), Foundations in neuroscience, pp. 367. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  3. Edelman, G. M. (1992). Bright air, brilliant fire: On the matter of the mind. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  4. Gazzaniga, M. S. (1985). The social brain. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  5. Greenspan, S. I. and S. G. Shanker (2004). The first idea: How symbols, language, and intelligence evolved from our early primate ancestors to modern humans. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press.Google Scholar
  6. Hobbs, J. (2006). The origins and evolution of language: A plausible strong-AI account. In M. Arbibi (Ed.), Action to language via the mirror neuron system. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Lakoff, G. and M. Johnson (1999). Philosophy in the flesh. Basic Books: New York.Google Scholar
  8. LeDoux, J. E. (1996). The emotional brain. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  9. Maryansky, A. (1996). African Ape social structure: A blue print for reconstructing early hominid structure. In J. Steel, S. Sherman (Eds.), The Archeology of Human Ancestry. London: Rutledge.Google Scholar
  10. Massey, D. (2000). What I don’t know about my field but wish I did. Annual Review of Sociology, 26(1), 699.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Massey, D. S. (2002). A brief history of human society: The origin and role of emotion in social life: 2001 presidential address. American Sociological Review, 67(1), 1–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Miller, B. D. (2007). Cultural anthropology, 4th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
  13. Novembre, J., J. K. Pritchard and G. Coop (2007). Adaptive drool in the gene pool. Nature Genetics, 39, 1188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Pepperberg, I. (2008). Alex and me. HarperCollins: New York.Google Scholar
  15. Richardson, K. (1999). The making of intelligence. London: Phoenix.Google Scholar
  16. Rilling, J. K. (2006). Human and nonhuman primate brains: Are they allometrically scaled versions of the same design? Evolutionary Anthropology, 15, 65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sawer, G. and Deak, V. (2007). The last human (p. 103). New York: Peter N. Nevraumont Publication – Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Small, D. (2008). On the deep history of the brain. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  19. Turner, B. (2000a). Embodied ethnography. Doing culture. Social Anthropology, 8(1), 51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Turner, J. H. (2000b). On the origins of human emotions: A sociological inquiry into the evolution of human affect. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA

Personalised recommendations