Figures 5.1–5.3 illustrates the surface anatomy of the proximal wrist. The wrist is composed of distal radius and ulna, which articulate with each other to form the radioulnar joint. The distal radius also articulates with the scaphoid and lunate bones . The distal ulna articulates with the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC), which functions much like the meniscus of the knee. The TFCC also has ligamentous attachments to the lunate, capitate, and triquetrum . The distal wrist is composed of the eight carpal bones arranged in two rows. The proximal carpals (scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, and pisiform) are closely approximated to the radius, while the distal carpals (trapezium, trapezoid, capitate, and hamate) are closely associated with the metacarpal bones. When the wrist deviates radially or dorsiflexes, the scaphoid flexes palmarly, which puts it in a precarious position to be injured when a patient falls, particularly when the patient falls on an outstretched hand . Figure 5.4 shows the basic anatomy of the wrist.
KeywordsDistal Radius Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Flexor Tendon Distal Ulna Outstretched Hand
- 1.Lichtman DM, Joshi A (2008) Acute injuries of the distal radioulnar joint and triangular fibrocartilage complex. AAOS Instr Course Lect 52:175–183Google Scholar
- 3.Moore KL (1985) The upper limb – the hand. In: Clinical oriented anatomy. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, pp 786–809Google Scholar