Energy Balance, Cancer Prognosis, and Survivorship

  • Melinda L. Irwin
Part of the Energy Balance and Cancer book series (EBAC, volume 2)


An increasing number of men and women are being diagnosed with cancer and many cancer survivors are seeking lifestyle-based approaches to improve survival. Physical activity and diet are modifiable behaviors with a multitude of health benefits, and an increasing number of publications have shown a strong relationship between physical activity, diet, weight, and cancer survival. The purpose of this chapter is to review (1) the evidence supporting the effect of weight, physical activity, and diet on cancer prognosis and survivorship; (2) mechanisms mediating the observed associations between energy balance and improved prognosis; and (3) approaches to favorably changing physical activity, diet, and weight to improve cancer prognosis and survivorship. Since a majority of cancer survivors are overweight, and not participating in recommended levels of physical activity or eating a prudent diet, improving these behaviors has the potential to benefit a large number of cancer survivors.


Breast Cancer Physical Activity Cancer Survivor Breast Cancer Survivor Resistance Exercise 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Epidemiology and Public HealthYale School of Public HealthNew HavenUSA

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