Advertisement

Immigrants: The Desire to Be White

  • Ronald E Hall
Chapter

Abstract

America began and remains a nation of immigrants, where citizens of foreign countries leave their birthplace for a chance to realize the American Dream. Initially, most immigrants were from Europe. For them the American Dream represented an opportunity for religious freedom, where they might worship without fear of retribution from foreign governments or hostile dictatorships. This first wave of immigrants was white, by racial identity. After a single generation, once their children had acquired English language and American cultural skills, they were accepted as members of the bona fide American mainstream. In a short span of time, the American Dream had become a reality for them.

Keywords

Skin Color Racial Identity African Descent Illegal Immigrant Dark Skin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Lancaster, R. (Oct 1991). Skin color, race, and racism in Nicaragua. Ethnology, 30(4), 339–353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    [World Bank] Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. (1999). World development indicators. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cohen, R. ( 2000, June 23). Britain charges Dutch truck driver in migrants’ deaths. New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2000/06/23/world/britain-charges-dutch-truck-driver-in-migrants-deaths.html. Accessed 26 June 2009.
  4. 4.
    Pew Research Center for the People & the Press. (2006). America’s immigration quandary. http://people-press.org/report/274/americas-immigration-quandary. Accessed 19 April 2009.
  5. 5.
    Washington, R. (1990). Brown racism and the formation of a world system of racial stratification. International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society, 4(2), 209–227.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Morsy, S. (1996). Beyond the honorary “white” classification of Egyptians. In S. Gregory and R. Sanjek (Eds.). Race. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Warren, B., & Scott, J. (2006). Kin grapple with alleged contract killing. Atlanta-Journal Constitution. http://www.bnvillage.co.uk/1376008-post1.html. Accessed 19 April 2009.
  8. 8.
    Devries, L. (2009). Hispanics now largest U.S. minority. CBS News online. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/01/21/national/main537369.shtml. Accessed 19 April 2009.
  9. 9.
    McClain, P. D., Carter, N. M., DeFrancesco Soto, V. M., Lyle, M. L., Grynaviski, J. D., Nunnally, S. C., Scotto, T. J., Kendrick, J. A., Lackey, G. F., & Davenport Cotton, K. (2006). Racial distancing in a southern city: Latino immigrants’ views of black Americans. Journal of Politics, 68(3), 571–584. Available at http://journalofpolitics.org/art68_3.html#a7 Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    [Americans for Legal Immigration] McClain, P. (2006). New study: many Latino immigrants do not like black Americans. http://www.alipac.us/article1343.html. Accessed 26 June 2009.
  11. 11.
    Asquith, C. (2006). Scholars ask why Latinos view blacks poorly. http://www.diverseeducation.com/artman/publish/article_6086.shtml. Accessed 17 April 2009.
  12. 12.
    Southern Poverty Law Center (Spring, 2009). Hate groups in the U.S. continue to expand http://www.splcenter.org/intel/intelreport/article.jsp?aid=1027. Accessed 26 June 2009.
  13. 13.
    Findley, H., Garrott, S., & Wheatley, R. (2003–2004). Color discrimination: differentiate at your peril. Journal of Individual Employment Rights, 11(1), 31–38.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Felix v. Marquez. (1981). WL 242, 24 Empl. Prac. Dec. P 31, 279 (D.C., Sept. 11, 1980) (NO. 78-2314).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kalmijn, M. (1996). The socioeconomic assimilation of Caribbean American blacks. Social Forces, 74(3), 911–930.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Martinez, E. (1993). Beyond black/white: the racisms of our time. Social Justice, 1–2(51–52), 22–34.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hall, R. E. (1994). The “bleaching syndrome”: implications of light skin for Hispanic American assimilation. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 16(3), 307–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social WorkMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

Personalised recommendations