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Anthropometry in Children with Cystic Fibrosis

  • Alexia J. Murphy
  • Peter S. W. Davies
Chapter

Abstract

Cystic fibrosis is the most common life shortening autosomal recessive disorder in Caucasians. The main symptoms are evident in the respiratory system, the gastrointestinal tract and the sweat glands. Anthropometric assessment of children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis is an obvious and worthwhile endeavour as there are many aspects of the disease that could directly or indirectly impact upon growth. The past stereotype of children with cystic fibrosis was that they had growth delay with relatively short stature and delayed puberty. There have been many improvements in the anthropometric status of children with cystic fibrosis over the recent decade in response to improved understanding of the disease, treatment and recognised need for nutritional support. Thus to ensure that all individuals with cystic fibrosis reach their anthropometric potential, the measurement of anthropometry is made all the more important. To measure and interpret anthropometry correctly and clinically worthwhile in this population, there are specific features of the disease that need to be considered such as reduced height, bone age and tissue hydration. The aim of this chapter is to introduce cystic fibrosis, discuss the anthropometric status of children with CF and detail some practical methods for measuring body composition in this population.

Keywords

Fatigue Hydration Attenuation Osteoporosis Pancreatitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

ADP

Air displacement plethysmography

BCM

Body cell mass

BIA

Bioelectrical impedance analysis

BMI

Body mass index

CF

Cystic fibrosis

CFTR

Cystic fibrosis trans-membrane regulator

DXA

Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry

ECF

Extracellular fluid

FM

Fat mass

FFM

Fat free mass

SDS

Standard deviation score

TBK

Total body potassium

%IBW

Percent ideal body weight

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Children’s Nutrition Research CentreThe University of Queensland, Royal Children’s HospitalHerstonAustralia

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