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Reference Curves of Waist Circumference in Children and Adolescents

  • Peter Schwandt
  • Gerda-Maria Haas
Chapter

Abstract

The global increase of adiposity in youth necessitates early diagnosis and intervention. Among other anthropometric measures waist circumference assessment has become increasingly important as an easy, non-invasive and inexpensive routine tool since waist circumference is a measure of central adiposity. The waist circumference is essential for a correct definition of abdominal obesity and consequently for a common definition of the metabolic syndrome in childhood and adolescence in order to allow for considerable ethnic variations. Furthermore, central obesity and therefore the waist circumference are predictive for cardiovascular risk. To compensate for gender- and age-specific variations in development and ethnic origin of children and adolescents percentiles rather than absolute values are used for comparison with adults. This contribution paper has taken over the task of collating equivalent world-wide data as far as they have been published until now (October 2009, PubMed). However, the authors apologize in advance for having possibly missed some important publications.

Keywords

Obesity Crest 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

BMI

Body mass index

CT

Computed tomography

DXA

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry

F

Female

LMS

Smooth (L) curve, trends observed for the mean (M), an coefficient of variation (S)

M

Male

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

PEP

Prevention Education Program

WC

Waist circumference

WHO

World Health Organization

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Arteriosklerose Praeventions InstitutMunichGermany

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