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Anthropometry and the Knee Joint

  • A. J. Teichtahl
  • A. E. Wluka
  • Y. Wang
  • M. Flavia Cicuttini
Chapter

Abstract

Assessing how human anthropometry (i.e. measures of the size and proportions of the body) influences the knee has provided important information about risk factors for common arthropathies, such as osteoarthritis (OA). Nevertheless, until recently, there has been a paucity of data identifying associations between anthropometric measures and structural aberrations in the knee. This is likely to have resulted from difficulties in assessing knee structures. Previous studies have been largely reliant upon joint radiography to image the knee. Radiographs are limited and provide a two-dimensional assessment of a three-dimensional structure, without the ability to examine the non-radiographically opaque intra and extra-articular structures. New imaging modalities, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), have enabled novel and sensitive opportunities to measure knee structures in vivo. MRI has helped to confirm OA to affect the whole joint, enabling a detailed examination of the relationship between human anthropometry and the knee. This chapter seeks to discuss how different dimensions of assessment of knee structure can be related to human anthropometry, and improve our understanding of factors affecting the risk and progression of knee OA. This may facilitate novel preventive strategies for the disease.

Keywords

Cartilage Defect Joint Space Narrowing Cartilage Thickness Cartilage Volume Knee Alignment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

A-P

Anterior-posterior

BMI

Body Mass Index

BML

Bone marrow lesion

JSN

Joint space narrowing

MRI

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

OA

Osteoarthritis

WHO

World Health Organisation

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Teichtahl
  • A. E. Wluka
  • Y. Wang
  • M. Flavia Cicuttini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Population HealthMonash University, Alfred HospitalMelbourneAustralia

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