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Anthropometry of Eyelids

  • Dae Hwan Park
  • Chang Hyun Oh
Chapter

Abstract

The normal morphological and functional values of eyelids and orbits are varied according to race, sex, and age. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of information related to these values. The authors quantified and statistically analyzed nine morphologic and functional values in 234 male and 264 female. Among adults, the mean value for the palpebral fissure was 27.0 ± 1.8 mm in males and 26.8 ± 1.7 mm in females in the horizontal dimension and 8.0 ± 1.0 mm in males and 8.2 ± 1.1 mm in females in the vertical dimension. The average slant of the palpebral fissure was 7.9° ± 2.4° in males and 8.8° ± 2.3° in females and the average height of the opened upper eyelid was 12.4 ± 2.4 mm in males and 12.0 ± 1.9 mm in females. The average height of double fold in the closed eye was 6.6 mm in males and 6.5 mm in females, and the average intercanthal distance was 38.4 ± 3.0 mm in males and 38.2 ± 2.8 mm in females. The average interpupillary distance was 64.6 ± 2.9 mm in males and 63.6 ± 2.9 mm in females. The peak level of growth in the vertical dimension of the palpebral fissure was reached between ages 10 and 13 years, that of the intercanthal distance was between ages 14 and 16 years, and that of horizontal dimension of the palpebral fissure was between ages 17 and 19 years.

Keywords

Male Subject Female Subject Vertical Dimension Horizontal Dimension Palpebral Fissure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, College of MedicineCatholic University of DaeguNam GUKorea

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