Relationship Between Physical Measures of Anthropometry and Bioimpedance Measures

  • María Dolores Marrodán Serrano
  • Marisa González-Montero de Espinosa
  • Estefanía Morales Zamorano


The purpose of this chapter is to compare the results of body composition obtained by anthropometry and by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA). A brief review of the physical and biological bases of BIA is conducted and the main types of devices on the market are described. They are classified according to the range of frequencies (single or multiple frequencies) and the number of electrodes (bipolar, tetrapolar, octopolar). BIA equations for use in children and adults according to age and sex are offered and the statistical methods for checking agreement between the results obtained by BIA and by anthropometry. This point is illustrated with examples from two studies conducted by the authors. The first one corresponds to 106 young adults that were analyzed simultaneously by anthropometry, two BIA bipolar analyzers (OMRON BF-306 and LAICA EP1340) and one tetrapolar BIA analyzer (Holtain BC). The second example is based on a sample of 86 schoolchildren analyzed by anthropometry and a BIA tetrapolar device (Bodystat 1500). The bipolar monitors, also called regional, produce results that depend on fat distribution in the individual. This means that results vary depending on fat location in the upper or lower segment of the body. In contrast, a tetrapolar analyzer offers values which are independent of the localization of fat deposits. The final result is a better match between fat percentage obtained by type scale BIA analyzer and anthropometry in females and between type hand BIA analyzer and anthropometry in males. Tetrapolar devices are more accurate in the paediatric age.


Body Composition Total Body Water Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis Analyze Body Composition Impedance Index 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Bioelectrical impedance analysis.


Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry


Fat free mass


Fat mass


Intraclass correlation coefficient


Total body water


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • María Dolores Marrodán Serrano
    • 1
  • Marisa González-Montero de Espinosa
  • Estefanía Morales Zamorano
  1. 1.Dpto. de Zoología y Antropología Física, Facultad de BiologíaUniversidad ComplutenseMadridSpain

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