Anthropometric Indices in the Philippines for Manufacturing Workers

  • Jinky Leilanie DP Lu


This chapter discusses anthropometry among Filipino manufacturing workers and its application to the design of the workstation and personal protective equipment. The anthropometry is also discussed as to its importance to the prevention of work-related health problems. The data on anthropometry was taken from a study of the author of 1,805 manufacturing workers who were measured for their anthropometry and given survey questionnaires related to work hazards and illnesses. The study showed that those with poor posture were twice more likely to report exhaustion. The walk through survey revealed that workers assumed poor posture because of non- anthropometrically designed work equipment. Backache was common among assembly line workers because of the lack of application of ergonomics in workstation design and incorrect biomechanics. This chapter concludes by emphasizing the importance of anthropometry to workstation design, personal protective equipment design, worker’s quality of work life, and prevention of work-related illnesses such as musculoskeletal disorders.


Anthropometric Data Personal Protective Equipment Ergonomic Design Ergonomic Measure Workstation Design 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Personal protective equipment


Transnational corporation


Standard deviation


Computer-aided design


Body mass index


Diastolic blood pressure


Blood pressure


Waist circumference






Sample population



Std Dev

Standard deviation


Book Chapter

  1. Rowbotham S, Mitter S. Dignity and daily bread: new forms of economic organising among poor women in the third world and the first. New York: Roultledge; 1994. p. 20–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Journal Article

  1. Ahmad F, Sherman S, Hagglund K. Obstet Gynecol. 1998;92:131–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barli O, Elmali D, Midilli R, Aydintan E, Ustün S, Sagsöz A. Coll Antropol. 2005;29:45–51.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Chan H, Jiao Y. J Hum Ergon. 1996;25:38–43.Google Scholar
  4. Das B, Sengupta A. Appl Ergon. 1996;27:157–63.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Eckhardt C, Adair L, Caballero B, Avila J, Kon I, Wang J. Obes Res. 2003;11:1553–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. González RL, Almarza CB, Alvarez CG, Vera SC, González NJ. Invest Clin. 2000;41:251–69.Google Scholar
  7. Gite LP, Yadav BG. Appl Ergon. 1989;20:191–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Harding S, Maynard M, Cruickshank JK, Gray L. J Hypertens. 2006;24:1507–14.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hsiao H, Whitestone J, Bradtmiller B, Whisler R, Zwiener J, Lafferty C. Ergonomics. 2005;48:323–53.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kagawa M, Kerr D, Uchida H, Binns C. Br J Nutr. 2006;95:1002–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kim H, Han DH, Roh YM, Kim K, Park YG. Ind Health. 2003;41:8–18.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kolich M. Appl Ergon. 2003;34:177–84.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kroemer K. Fund IH. 2002;13:34–40.Google Scholar
  14. Lavender S, Marras W, Sabol R. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J. 2002;63:300–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. McKay R, Davies E. Appl Occup Environ Hyg. 2003;15:479–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Okunribido OO. Ergonomics. 2000;43:282–92.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Park C, Shin C. Bld Pres. 2005;14:210–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Shikdar AA, Al-Kindi MA. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2007;13:215–23.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Shiwaku K, Anuurad E, Enkhmaa B, Nogi A, Kitajima K, Yamasaki M. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2005;69:52–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ujević D, Szirovicza L, Karabegović I. Coll Antropol. 2005;29:71–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Weinberg S, Scott N, Neiswanger K, Brandon C, Marazita M. J Cleft Palate Craniofac. 2004;41:507–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Yokota M. Appl Ergon. 2005;36:379–83.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institutes of HealthUniversity of the Philippines ManilaManilaPhilippines

Personalised recommendations