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Ethnicity and Facial Anthropometry

Chapter

Abstract

The term of ethnicity is also international and multilingual. An ethnic group or ethnicity is a population of human beings whose members identify with each other, either on the basis of a presumed common genealogy or ancestry. The human face is a highly rich stimulus that provides diverse information for adaptive social interaction with people. Cephalometry is one of the important parts of anthropometry, in which the dimensions of the head and face are measured. Cephalometric results are used in forensic medicine, plastic surgery, oral surgery, paediatrics, dentistry, and diagnostic knowledge between the patient and normal populations. Some descriptive and cross-sectional studies which was set up to determine and compare the face shapes in Fars and Turkman ethnic groups of normal newborns and 17–20 years old males and females in Gorgan (North of Iran). The length and width of faces were determined by using classic cephalometery technique with usage a Martin spreading caliber, and the shape of faces in the ethnic group of Fars and Turkman in both sexes was compared. Studies indicate that the Hypereuriprosopic type with 34.60% was dominant type in Turkman’s male newborns and also dominant type of faces in Fars’ male newborns was hypereuriprosopic with 71.9%. Also the mesoprosopic type with 36.01% was dominant in the Turkmans female newborns and the dominant type of face in native Fars female newborns was hypereuryprosopic with 71.22%. The dominant type of face shape in the native Fars females was Euryprosopic (37.7%) and it was Euryprosopic (51.7%) in Turkman females. The dominant type of face shape in the native Fars males was mesoprosopic (44%) and it was mesoprosopic (38.4%) in Turkman males.

Keywords

Face Recognition Dominant Type Rare Type Face Shape Fusiform Face Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, Faculty of MedicineGolestan University of Medical SciencesGorganIran

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