Waist-Circumference Phenotype and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

  • Ike S. Okosun
  • Tandeih A. Ghogomu


Waist phenotypes (waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio) are associated with type 2 diabetes as demonstrated in many studies and confirmed in meta-analyses of prospective studies from various studies. Evidence for the association is stronger for waist circumference and waist-to hip ratio. A verdict is yet to be made with respect to the nature of the association of waist-to-height ratio with type 2 diabetes. The clinical and epidemiologic appeal for the use of waist phenotypes is irrefutable. Waist measurement is simple and requires only a measuring tape and a weighing scale. Effective translation of the use of waist phenotype into clinical practice to predict type 2 diabetes may help in reversing the increasing trend of type 2 diabetes.


Cholesterol Obesity Europe Testosterone 
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Atherosclerosis risk in communities


Area under curve


Body mass index


International Diabetes Federation (IDF)


National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III


National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute


National Institute of Health


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Public HealthGeorgia State UniversityAtlantaUSA

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