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Anthropometry and Exercise in Obesity

  • Fusun ARDIC
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter aims to review the effects of exercise on body measurements in overweight and obese people. Firstly, obesity is described in detail with regard to frequently associated medical problems and weight-related health risk. The necessity of the inclusion of an exercise training program in obesity management is underlined, and exercise training and exercise prescription for obese patients described. An overview of the anthropometric measurements used in assessing body fat distribution and monitoring the changes in body composition over an exercise training program in obese people is presented. The most commonly used body measurement methods in obesity outcome studies include simple anthropometric measurements and body composition measurement techniques. The outcome of body composition alterations with exercise is summarized as a slight decrease in total body weight, prevention of decrease in fat-free mass and relative increase in visceral fat-mass loss. The magnitude of these changes varies directly with the intensity, duration, and type of the exercise, e.g., aerobic versus strength training. The implementation of resistance exercise improves body composition by increasing fat-free mass. Dissimilar results of exercises on genders should be taken into consideration in obese men and women. Studies with a longer follow-up duration would provide further information regarding the effects of regular exercise in overweight or obese people.

Keywords

Cholesterol Fatigue Obesity Degenerative Joint Disease Triglyceride 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

WHO

The World Health Organization

BMI

Body mass index

WC

Waist circumference

CVD

Cardiovascular disease

HRmax

Maximum heart rate

HRR

Heart rate reserve

METs

Metabolic equivalents

RPE

Rating of perceived exertion

VO2max

Maximum oxygen consumption

BIA

Bioelectrical impedance analysis

CT

Computerized tomography

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

DXA

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry

AE

Aerobic exercise

RE

Resistance exercise

AR

Combined aerobic resistance training

WHR

Waist-to-hip ratio

FM

Fat mass

FFM

Fat free mass

CR

Calorie restriction

LBM

Lean body mass

PF

Percent body fat

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationPamukkale University Medical SchoolKinikli/DenizliTurkey

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