Let us consider a 2-bit quantizer that represents quantized values using the following set of quantization indexes: f0; 1; 2; 3g: Each quantization index given above is called a source symbol, or simply a symbol, and the set is called a symbol set. When applied to quantize a sequence of input samples, the quantizer produces a sequence of quantization indexes, such as the following: 1; 2; 1; 0; 1; 2; 1; 2; 1; 0; 1; 2; 2; 1; 2; 1; 2; 3; 2; 1; 2; 1; 1; 2; 1; 0; 1; 2; 1; 2: Called a source sequence, it needs to be represented by or converted to a sequence of codewords or codes that are suitable for transmission over a variety of channels. The primary concern is that the average codeword length is minimized so that the transmission of the source sequence demands a lower bit rate.
KeywordsUnary Code Entropy Code Source Sequence Quantization Index Source Symbol
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 83.Sayood, K.: Introduction to Data Compression, second edn. Morgan Kaufmann, Burlington (2000)Google Scholar