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Mechanisms of Alcoholic Steatosis/Steatohepatitis

  • Zhanxiang Zhou
  • Ross E. Jones
  • Craig J. McClain
Chapter

Abstract

Despite extensive research, alcohol remains one of the most common causes of both acute and chronic liver disease in the USA. In Western countries, up to 50% of cases of end-stage liver disease have alcohol as a major etiologic factor. Excessive alcohol consumption is the third leading preventable cause of death in the USA. Alcohol-related deaths, excluding accidents/homicides, accounted for 22,073 deaths in the USA in 2006 with 13,000 of those specifically attributed to alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Given these grim statistics, the mortality of this liver disease is more than that of many major forms of cancer, such as breast, colon and prostate. Importantly, there is no Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved therapy for any stage of ALD.

Keywords

Fatty Acid Oxidation Alcoholic Liver Disease Alcohol Exposure Microsomal Triglyceride Transfer Protein Hepatic Lipid Accumulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhanxiang Zhou
    • 1
  • Ross E. Jones
    • 2
  • Craig J. McClain
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NutritionUniversity of North Carolina GreensboroKannapolisUSA
  2. 2.Department of MedicineUniversity of LouisvilleLouisvilleUSA

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