Cosmic Biology pp 295-309 | Cite as

Anticipating the Future

  • Louis Neal Irwin
  • Dirk Schulze-Makuch
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)


Our material universe, as best we can tell, is around 13.7 billion years old. Our Solar System has existed for about a third of that time. Thus, the possibility that life has had much longer than we have had to evolve in other regions of the cosmos is obvious. But has it, and is it still there?


Solar System Central Star Habitable Zone Chemical Building Block Rocky Planet 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louis Neal Irwin
    • 1
  • Dirk Schulze-Makuch
    • 2
  1. 1.The University of Texas at El PasoEl PasoUSA
  2. 2.Washington State UniversityPullmanUSA

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