Connery LE, Coursin DB (2004) Assessment and therapy of selected endocrine disorders. Anesthesiol Clin North America 22:93–123
This review includes discussion of general anesthetic principles of perioperative care, primarily of adult patients, with diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease, adrenal insufficiency, and pheochromocytoma. Even though the discussion includes etiology and pathophysiology for adults with these disorders, many management issues included have some relevance in the care of children.
Rhodes ET, Ferrari LR, Wolfsdorf JI (2005) Perioperative management of pediatric surgical patients with diabetes mellitus. Anesth Analg 101:986–989
This paper reviews the epidemiology of diabetes mellitus, current outpatient management options for children with this condition, the effects of surgery and anesthesia on glycemic control as well as perioperative management of affected children.
Jospe N (2006) Thyroid disease. In: Kliegman RM, Marcdante KJ, Jenson HB, Behrman RE (eds) Nelson essentials of pediatrics, 5th edn. Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 805–811
This chapter reviews the embryology and development of the thyroid gland and thyroid diseases common in children such as congenital hypothyroidism, Graves Disease, and acquired hyperthyroidism. Medical and surgical management of hyperthyroidism, thyroid storm, and hypothyroidism is included.
Hack HA (2000) The perioperative management of children with phaeochromocytoma. Paediatr Anaesth 10:463–476
This paper reviews the pathophysioogy of the condition and the associated pharmacology. The specifics of these tumors as they present in children are discussed. Management of the cardiovascular changes expected during surgical removal is also reviewed.
Anghelescu DL, Burgoyne LL, Liu T et al (2007) Clinical and diagnostic imaging findings predict anesthetic complications in children presenting with malignant mediastinal masses. Paediatr Anaesth 17:1090–1098
This retrospective review of the records of 118 pediatric patients with mediastinal masses was undertaken in an effort to identify specific historical, physical exam, and laboratory findings that predict complications when anesthesia is induced. In this series, 11 patients did experience anesthesia-related complications. Orthopnea, upper body edema, great vessel compression, and mainstem bronchus compression were significantly associated with anesthesia-related complications.