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Adipose Tissue Development, Structure and Function

  • Jaswinder K. Sethi
  • Antonio J. Vidal-Puig
Chapter

Abstract

One of the earliest reports of adipose tissue was made by the Swiss naturalist Conrad Gessner in 1551 (as translated by Cannon and Nedergaard [1]). However, the notion that adipose tissue was composed of living lipid-laden cells was hotly debated [2]. The past decades have seen a remarkable increase in our understanding of adipose biology and obesity (Fig.1). This trend is undoubtedly driven by the global epidemic of obesity and associated diseases. Adipose tissue is designed to function as the main long-term fuel-handling organ, and actively controls energy homeostasis. Adipose tissue stores excess fuel in the form of triglycerides and relinquishes these reserves during periods of nutritional deprivation.

Keywords

Adipose Tissue Brown Adipose Tissue White Adipose Tissue Adipocyte Differentiation Brown Adipocyte 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Metabolic Science – Metabolic Research Laboratories, and Department of Clinical BiochemistryUniversity of CambridgeCambridgeUK

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