Benign Anorectal and Rectovaginal Fistulas

  • David A. Etzioni
  • Ann C. Lowry


Although infrequently life-threatening, rectovaginal fistulas are an aggravation to both patients and surgeons. Passing flatus or stool through the vagina is understandably distressing to patients; the lack of a uniformly successful repair is frustrating to surgeons.


Rectovaginal Fistula Advancement Flap Sphincter Defect Gracilis Muscle Fecal Diversion 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • David A. Etzioni
    • 1
  • Ann C. Lowry
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryMayo Clinic College of Medicine, Senior Associate Consultant, Mayo Clinic ArizonaPhoenixUSA
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, Division of Colon and Rectal SurgeryUniversity of MinnesotaSt PaulUSA

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