Gram-Negative Bacteria

  • Marc E. Grossman
  • Lindy P. Fox
  • Carrie Kovarik
  • Misha Rosenbach


Aeromonas species are gram-negative anaerobic rods found in fresh water lakes and streams. They have also been recovered from chlorinated tap water, including hospital water supplies. Aeromonas infections of freshwater traumatic wounds cause a characteristic clinical picture indistinguishable from group A streptococcal infection in normal hosts. Rapidly progressive cellulitis develops within 8–48 h after trauma with freshwater exposure, followed by suppuration and necrosis around the wound, often requiring surgical debridement. Fasciitis, myonecrosis, and osteomyelitis may develop. Aeromonas hydrophilia is the species that causes most soft tissue infections and bacteremias. Other species isolated include A. veronii subtype sobria and A. caviae.


Acquire Immune Deficiency Syndrome Soft Tissue Infection Necrotizing Fasciitis Immunocompromised Host Subcutaneous Nodule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc E. Grossman
    • 1
  • Lindy P. Fox
    • 2
  • Carrie Kovarik
    • 3
  • Misha Rosenbach
    • 4
  1. 1.New York Presbyterian HospitalColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.University of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.Dermatopathology, and Infectious DiseasesUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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