The Strain Policy Versus the Sunshine Policy: A Road to Korean Unification
The two Koreas have gone their respective ways for more than 60 years since both countries established their respective sovereign governments in 1948: From the beginning the South was grounded on “the free democratic and capitalistic system” while the North was founded with “the people’s democracy (that is, socialist) and red flag.” The US-backed Republic of Korea (ROK) was officially proclaimed in the South on August 15, 1948. The Soviet-backed Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the North was proclaimed on September 9, 1948. The South inherited a larger population and more of the agriculture and light industry. The North had more of the heavy industry, electric power, and other industrial basis with mineral resources. Nevertheless, initial inherited industrial structures were reduced to complete ashes in the 3 years of the Korean War (1950–1953).