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Impact of Forest Fragmentation on Ranging and Home Range of Siamang (Symphalangus syndactylus) and Agile Gibbons (Hylobates agilis)

  • Achmad Yanuar
  • David J. Chivers
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects book series (DIPR)

Abstract

Fragmentation always results in the reduction of forest area and isolation of forest remnants (Bierregaard et al. 1997). Primates are flexible animals in the usage of area and diet (Chapman 1988). The gibbon is one of the arboreal primates that persists in small forest fragments. Fortunately, gibbons that have small home ranges (Leighton 1987) may survive better in large, medium and small forest fragments, due to their ability to exploit young leaves, a food resource widely distributed in the forest (Kakati 2004). Many small-group animals with small home range are extremely tolerant to habitat changes, such as habitat fragmentation, because they are able to exploit leaves and have flexible home range size (Rylands and Keuroghlian 1988). Home range was initially defined as the area in which an animal spends most of its adult life (Burt 1943; Jewell 1966; Bates 1970). Thus, home range size and ranging patterns among primates may rely on social aspects and feeding behaviour strategies (Spironello 2001). The term home range is modified to specify a given period or duration of observation and, thus employed, to demonstrate changing patterns of range use over time (Harrison 1983). For a gibbon group, it can be defined as the total area traversed by the group within a given period (Gittins 1979).

Keywords

Home Range Forest Fragment Home Range Size Continuous Forest Small Home Range 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to express our gratitude to Dr Ir Willie Smits and the Board Members of the Gibbon Foundation for their encouragement and financial support of this study. Thank you to Dr Kim McConkey for her comments on this paper. We would like to thank the Director-General of Nature Conservation, for sponsorship and support, who gave us permits to carry out this study in Kerinci-Seblat National Park and surrounds. Our thanks also to go to Dinas Kehutanan Solok District at Solok and Merangin District at Bangko, for helping us with permits to work in local protected forests within oil-palm plantations in South Solok and local gardens in Bangko. In the field, we also thank the Director and staff of oil-palm plantations, PT Tidar Kerinci Agung, PT Tidar Sungkai Sawit and PT Sumatra Jaya Agro Lestari for permission to work in their operational area and for use of their facilities. We would like to thank University of Andalas, Padang and Dr Wilson Noavarino for their help and co-operation and allowing us to use their students, and Pak Sudirman, Sahar, Jon, Hen, Pak Gadimel, Pak Muas and Rauh, who were our field assistants.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Conservation International IndonesiaJakartaIndonesia

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