Infertility Status and Infertility Treatment: Racial and Ethnic Disparities
Difficulties in conceiving or carrying a child to term affect 12% of the 62 million American women between ages 15–44 (Chandra, Martinez, Mosher, Abma, & Jones, 2005). Involuntary childlessness often leads to disappointment and despair, contributing to depression, marital strife and social stigma. Although infertility status, access to infertility care, and response to medical treatment are not distributed uniformly among women of reproductive age, few studies have examined the experiences of women of color. Evidence suggests important racial/ethnic disparities in the diagnosis and prevalence of infertility. Furthermore, the privatization of infertility clinical services and the high costs of these services have contributed to wide racial and socioeconomic inequalities in utilization of treatment.
KeywordsAssisted Reproductive Technology Live Birth Rate Clinical Pregnancy Rate Tubal Factor Infertility Assisted Reproductive Technology Cycle
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