Researchers have begun exploring a de-facto cognitive paradigm for gene expression in which contextual factors determine the behavior of what Cohen calls a ‘reactive system’, not at all a deterministic, or even stochastic, mechanical process (e.g., Cohen, 2006; Cohen and Harel, 2007; Wallace and Wallace, 2008). The different approaches, while highly formal, are nonetheless much in the spirit of the pioneering efforts of Maturana and Varela (1980, 1992) who foresaw the essential role that cognitive process must play across a vast span of biological phenomena.
KeywordsRisk Behavior Free Energy Density Core City Ecosystem Resilience Diabetes Mortality
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