Emergence and Development of the Psychology of Men and Masculinity

  • Sam V. Cochran

The second wave of feminist activism that blossomed in 1960s following the publication of Friedan’s (1963) The Feminine Mystique gave rise to a sophisticated analysis of traditional gender roles. This activity spawned a number of areas of research into men’s and women’s gender roles and their impact on both men and women as well as on our culture at large (Smiler, 2004). Of particular import in numerous academic disciplines during this era was the critique of “men as the standard” against which both men and women are measured. Within the field of psychology, a special domain of inquiry devoted to the study of men’s gender roles, behaviors, and aspects of psychology related to these has developed and become known as the psychology of men and masculinity (Betz & Fitzgerald, 1993; Brooks & Levant, 1999). What began as a relatively focused critique of men’s traditional gender roles has blossomed into an area of vigorous scholarly inquiry, theory building, and empirical research on the...


Gender Role Traditional Gender Role Gender Role Conflict Masculinity Ideology Masculine Gender Role 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sam V. Cochran
    • 1
  1. 1.University of IowaIowa CityUSA

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